Bible Study


LIVING WATERS LUTHERAN CHURCH - INTERACTIVE BIBLE STUDY

Pastor Schantzenbach is inviting you to join an interactive Living Waters Bible Study.

This week we will use our ZOOM platform to support our gathering around God’s Word. 

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HOME BIBLE STUDY

  On-line Study: Wednesdays

10:00 AM and 7:30 PM

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HOME BIBLE STUDY

Acts 2:1-21

The Day of Pentecost

 

On-line Study: Wednesday, May 27, 2020

10:00 AM and 7:30 PM

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Introduction

Pentecost derives its name from the Jewish festival celebrating the harvest and the giving of the law on Mount Sinai fifty days after Passover. Fifty days after Easter, we celebrate the Holy Spirit as God’s presence within and among us. In Acts the Spirit arrives in rushing wind and flame, bringing God’s presence to all people. Paul reminds us that though we each have different capacities, we are unified in the Spirit that equips us with these gifts. Jesus breathes the Holy Spirit on his disciples, empowering them to forgive sin. We celebrate that we too are given the breath of the Holy Spirit and sent out to proclaim God’s redeeming love to all the world.

Prayer of the Day

O God, on this day you open the hearts of your faithful people by sending into us your Holy Spirit. Direct us by the light of that Spirit, that we may have a right judgment in all things and rejoice at all times in your peace, through Jesus Christ, your Son and our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever. Amen

First Reading: Acts 2:1-21

Pentecost was a Jewish harvest festival that marked the fiftieth day after Passover. Luke portrays the Holy Spirit being poured out upon the disciples before the gathered and astonished people assembled in Jerusalem for the festival. Filled with the Spirit, the disciples were able to witness to the power of Christ’s resurrection.

1When the day of Pentecost had come, [the apostles] were all together in one place. 2And suddenly from heaven there came a sound like the rush of a violent wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3Divided tongues, as of fire, appeared among them, and a tongue rested on each of them. 4All of them were filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages, as the Spirit gave them ability.
5Now there were devout Jews from every nation under heaven living in Jerusalem. 6And at this sound the crowd gathered and was bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in the native language of each. 7Amazed and astonished, they asked, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? 8And how is it that we hear, each of us, in our own native language? 9Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, 10Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, 11Cretans and Arabs—in our own languages we hear them speaking about God’s deeds of power.” 12All were amazed and perplexed, saying to one another, “What does this mean?” 13But others sneered and said, “They are filled with new wine.”
14But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and addressed them, “Men of Judea and all who live in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and listen to what I say. 15Indeed, these are not drunk, as you suppose, for it is only nine o’clock in the morning. 16No, this is what was spoken through the prophet Joel:
17‘In the last days it will be, God declares,
 that I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh,
  and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy,
 and your young men shall see visions,
  and your old men shall dream dreams.
18Even upon my slaves, both men and women,
  in those days I will pour out my Spirit;
   and they shall prophesy.
19And I will show portents in the heaven above
  and signs on the earth below,
   blood, and fire, and smoky mist.
20The sun shall be turned to darkness
  and the moon to blood,
   before the coming of the Lord’s great and glorious day.
21Then everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.’?”

  1. Jesus’ words to wait for the promise of the Father (Luke 24:49, Acts 1:4, 8) and the coming baptism with the Holy Spirit and fire (Luke 3:16) are fulfilled at Pentecost. Why wait?
  2. “Sound like the rush of a violent wind” (verse 2) and the flames of fire have Old Testament parallels in visions of God. What do these signs convey?
  3. How was the gift of the Sprit to allow the disciples to speak in other languages different from speaking in tongues in 1 Corinthians 14 or even Acts 10:46; 19”6? What is its purpose here?
  4. Why did Luke give us the long list of all the nations present in Jerusalem? Compare Acts 1:8.
  5. Who are included in the phrase, “I will pour out my Spirit upon all flesh” (verse 17)?

 

Gospel: John 20:19-23

The risen Jesus appears to his disciples, offering them a benediction, a commission, and the gift of the Holy Spirit.

19When it was evening on that day, the first day of the week, and the doors of the house where the disciples had met were locked for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.” 20After he said this, he showed them his hands and his side. Then the disciples rejoiced when they saw the Lord. 21Jesus said to them again, “Peace be with you. As the Father has sent me, so I send you.” 22When he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, “Receive the Holy Spirit. 23If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained.”

  1. What themes of seeing, being known by Jesus, perceiving, and believing occur in John 4:1-41?
  2. How does Jesus speak to you? In what voice? Through what image?
  3. What Bible passages tell you most about the Lord?
  4. Doubting Thomas follows next (21:24-29). What does this appearance of Jesus add to John’s theme?

Living with the Text

  1. What is the purpose of the Holy Spirit according to the Gospel and First Lesson? What is the different emphasis?
  2. Why are the images of the coming day of the Lord so violent Acts 2:20-21?
  3. John said that the disciples were hiding, and Luke implied that the disciples kept to themselves before the coming of the Spirit. What does this say about our ability to proclaim the gospel of Jesus on our own?

SING: ELW 407

O living Breath of God, bearing us to life through baptismal waters
O living Breath of God, sighing with creation for freedoms birth
Come now, and fill our spirits; pour out your gifts abundant.
O living Breath of god, Holy Spirit, breathe in us as we pray.

 

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